Known by many common names ( Chiku, Chikoo, Chiku, Chikku, Sapeta, Chimaiyiluppai, Sima ippacettu) sapota is a delicious calorie-rich fruit that can be grown on your terrace. Originally it was originated from Central America – Mexico and Belize and later it traveled to the Asian Countries. In India, it is grown in parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal. Being highly rich in natural sugars (sucrose and fructose) is used as the instant source of energy by athletes. It is also rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin C.
Vitamin A helps to keep the eye as well as the reproduction system healthy whereas Vitamin C helps to increase the immune system of the body.
Requirements to grow Chikoo:-
Four Important things are required for the growth of the plant.
The soil used for the healthy growth of the sapota tree is deep alluvium, sandy loamy medium black soil whereas it can also grow in other varieties of soil. Potting mix soil can also be used for better growth however it should be checked that the pH of the soil should be within 6 to 8.
The plant should be potted in the container with the drainage hole at the bottom. This is done for the regular passage of excessive water. Also, ensure that overwatering the plant may damage its health.
The Chiku plant should be kept at the bright spot where there is exposure to sunlight as it requires 6 to 8 hrs of sun rays daily.
Vermicompost or cow manure would be the better fertilizer as it would be completely organic and natural.
1. Rich Source of Vitamin A and C
Chikoo is an excellent source of Vitamin A and Vitamin C. Vitamin A keeps the eyes healthy whereas Vitamin C strengthens the immune system of the body.
2. Improves the Blood Circulation
Chikoo is also a great source of Potassium which improves blood flow by lowering the blood pressure in the body.
3. Support Healthy Bones
Calcium and Magnesium which are available in it help to make the bones stronger.
4. Improves the Digestive system
It is rich in fiber which helps in constipation. It also contains antioxidants that reduce the risk of many heart diseases and certain types of cancer.
5. Reduces Stress
It is useful for patients suffering from insomnia, anxiety, and depression as it helps to calm the nerves and reduces the stress on them.
6. Good for stomach relates problems
The anti-inflammatory agent present in the fruit is used to relieve pain and rescue inflammation. Alo due to the presence of tannin in it it helps in treating gastritis, irritable bowel syndrome, and other kinds of diseases.
Climatic Condition :
Chikoo can be grown in tropical as well subtropical climatic regions. The two main seasons in which it is grown are from July to November and February to March. It takes around four months to bear the fruit
Unboxing the Chikoo Plant :
After you have received the corrugated box containing the plant then unbox it and remove the paper tapes used for the safe arrival of the plant. Keep the plant in the indirect sunlight and if required pour some amount of water into it. If you have any balcony or terrace or any other place where it receives the indirect sun rays then keep it at that particular place for the time being.
Within 3-4 days it will become healthy and you can then or later repot it. We would recommend to the repot the plant after 2-3 months so that by that time the plant would become used to the climatic condition of your area.